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HERITAGE TOOLKIT
ICOMOS INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE ON 20TH CENTURY HERITAGE
ICOMOS ISC20C Heritage Toolkit

A web-based toolkit of reference resources for conserving the Heritage of the Twentieth Century

This on-line reference collection
of benchmark “best practice” documents is being progressively assembled by and for members of the ICOMOS ISC20C.
The entries identify the range of work being done world-wide to simultaneously advance the development of heritage principles
and technical research that is worth sharing to assist the conservation of Twentieth Century heritage.  

The ISC20C toolkit aims to share new methodologies and approaches to conservation practice, by providing access to information
and sources that its own members find useful. All ISC20C members are invited to share up to 10 benchmark heritage tools (guidelines,
policies, publications, websites) that they professionally  use regularly as reference resources – with
a brief summary and a hyperlink or PDF where practical (and legal) to make them electronically accessible to everyone.

NOTE: The following thematic classification, under which the benchmark
“best practice” documents have been sorted, has been developed using the Getty Conservation Institute  publication
“Conserving Twentieth-Century Built Heritage: A Bibliography” as an organizing framework.

Contributions from all ISC20C members
in every language are welcome.
 
 




Sheridan Burke, ICOMOS ISC20C President

April
9, 2013








HERITAGE TOOLKIT:
 TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION 1: BASIC CONSERVATION PRINCIPLES

SECTION 2:  CONSERVATION OF TWENTIETH-CENTURY
BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES

SECTION 3:  CONSERVATION OF SPECIFIC TWENTIETH-CENTURY CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS

SECTION 4:  SUSTAINABILITY AND ADAPTIVE REUSE
OF TWENTIETH-CENTURY HERITAGE


SECTION 5: CASE STUDIES OF TWENTIETH -CENTURY HERITAGE CONSERVATION
PROJECTS

SECTION 6: OTHER USEFUL HERITAGE CONSERVATION RESOURCES

REALLY USEFUL WEBSITES







SECTION 1: BASIC CONSERVATION PRINCIPLES


Burra Charter: The
Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance

Australia
ICOMOS, 1999

This document is the 1999 revision of the Burra Charter.

Click here to download [163 KB pdf] the Charter from the ICOMOS Australia website.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan Burke)

Conservation Principles, Policies and Guidance

English Heritage,
2008

The primary aim of the Conservation Principles, Policies and Guidance is
to support the quality of decision-making, with the ultimate objective of creating a management regime for all aspects of
the historic environment that is clear and transparent in its purpose and sustainable in its application.

Click here to visit the Historic England website for downloading the publication.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan Burke)

The
Illustrated Burra Charter: Good Practices for Heritage Places

M. Walker
& P. Marquis-Kyle, Australia ICOMOS Inc., 2004

The Illustrated Burra
Charter outlines the Australia ICOMOS Burra Charter process for cultural heritage conservation. The Burra Charter is extensively
applied and used throughout Australia, and has also been applied in countries of Latin America, North America, Europe and
Asia.

Click here to visit the ICOMOS
Australia website
for further details and to download the order
form for this publication
 

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C
member Sheridan Burke)

Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic
Properties

Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service, The U.S.
Department of the Interior

The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment
of Historic Properties are common sense historic preservation principles in non-technical language. They promote historic
preservation best practices to help protect the United States’ irreplaceable cultural resources.

Click here to visit the Technical Preservation Services’ website for more information on the Standards.

(From personal reference
resources of ISC20C member Gunny Harboe)
 

Ruins: A Guide to Conservation and Management

Australian Heritage Council, 2013

This guide is designed to be used by government agencies, community groups, private
owners and managers of all types of cultural heritage places.  This guide is designed to highlight a best practice approach
to the management of ruins in Australia. Ruins are potentially important heritage places and effective management is vital
to protect their heritage values.  The diversity of types of ruins means there are a variety of managment options available.
 This guide has been developed by the Heritage Chairs and Officials of Australia and New Zealand (HCOANZ).
 

Click here to visit the Australian Government (Department
of Environment) website for downloading the publication.

(From
personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan Burke)






SECTION 2:  CONSERVATION OF TWENTIETH-CENTURY BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES

Guidelines for Evaluating and Nominating Properties that
have achieved Significance within the Past Fifty Years

National Register Publications, National Park Service,
The U.S. Department of the Interior

Click here to visit the National Park Services’ website for viewing the Guidelines.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Gunny Harboe)

Heritage Interpretation Policy

NSW Heritage Office, 2005

Guidance
on best practice in interpreting heritage places and objects

Click here to download [107 KB pdf] this document from the NSW Government’s Office of Environment and Heritage website, and
also see 
Interpreting Heritage Places and Items  [120 KB pdf] 

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan Burke)

Industrial Heritage Re-tooled: The TICCIH guide to Industrial Heritage Conservation

J. Douet (ed.), 2012

The book is a compilation of the latest approaches to
the conservation of industrial heritage presented by around thirty specialists. Some of the topics covered by this publication
include: the scope of industrial heritage; re-use and re-purposing; listing and designation; sustainable development; industrial
archaeology; museums and collections; documentation and recording; industrial tourism; and historic photographs and archives.

Click here to visit TICCIH website for further information on the publication and ordering a copy.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Stuart Tappin)

World
Heritage Papers 5: Identification and Documentation of Modern Heritage 

UNESCO World Heritage Centre, 2003

In
order to gain better understanding, raise public awareness and promote inscription of Modern Heritage, study and evaluation
of possibilities, establishment of criteria and selection of properties and sites is needed. To continue and complement the
work done by ICOMOS in this field, two meetings were held at UNESCO Headquarters in February and October 2001 respectively
to define direction and objectives for a Programme on Modern Heritage. This publication contains the position papers that
were written to facilitate the debate during the October 2001 expert meeting. Its aim is to present a framework of conceptual
thinking on the significance of Modern Heritage, its preservation and some of the pivotal issues concerning identification
and valuation.

Click here to download [1.4 MB pdf] this publication from the UNESCO World Heritage Centre website.

(From personal
reference resources of ISC20C member Sandra Uskokovic)




SECTION 3:  CONSERVATION OF SPECIFIC
TWENTIETH-CENTURY CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS

Investigation and Repair of Historic Concrete

NSW Heritage Office, 2003

Practical advice on repairing reinforced concrete.

Click here to download [742 KB pdf] this document
from the NSW Government’s Office of Environment and Heritage website
.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan Burke)

Preservation Briefs

Technical Preservation
Services, National Park Service, The U.S. Department of the Interior

Preservation Briefs provide guidance on preserving,
rehabilitating, and restoring historic buildings. They help historic building owners recognize and resolve common problems
prior to work.

Click here to visit the Technical Preservation Services’ website for more information on the Preservation Briefs.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Gunny Harboe)






SECTION 4:  SUSTAINABILITY AND
ADAPTIVE REUSE OF TWENTIETH-CENTURY HERITAGE

Design in Context: Guidelines for Infill Development in the Historic
Environment

NSW
Heritage Office, RAIA NSW Chapter, 2005

Advice on designing high quality buildings in heritage areas

Click here to download [2.2 MB pdf] this publication from the NSW Government’s Office of Environment and Heritage website.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan Burke)

Enabling Development and the Conservation of Significant
Places

 English Heritage, 2008

The Enabling Development Guidance concentrates on those
areas of practice that are particular to enabling development – and by extension other proposals where financial viability
is a key issue.

Click here to visit the Historic
England website
for downloading the publication.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan Burke)

Guidance on Heritage Impact Assessments for Cultural World Heritage Properties

ICOMOS 2011

The publication
offers guidance on the process of commissioning Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) for World Heritage properties in order
to evaluate effectively the impact of potential development on the Outstanding Universal Value of properties.

Click here to download [4.3 MB pdf] this document from the website of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS
International).

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Smriti Pant)

Secretary
of Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation & Illustrated Guidelines on Sustainability for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings

 Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service, The U.S. Department of
the Interior, 2011

Click here to download [2.2 MB pdf] this publication from the Technical Preservation Services’ website.

(From
personal reference resources of ISC20C member Gunny Harboe)

Statements of Heritage Impact

NSW Heritage Office and Department of Urban Affairs & Planning, 1996/revised
2002

Originally published
as part of the NSW Heritage Manual

Click here to download [34 KB pdf] this document from the NSW Government’s Office of Environment and Heritage website.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan
Burke)

Street Smart: Corporate Development in Historic Town Centres NSW Heritage Office, 1998

Policy for introducing new businesses into heritage town centres

Click here to download [4.3 MB pdf] this document from the NSW Government’s Office of Environment and Heritage website.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan Burke)

 

New Uses for
Heritage Places: Guidelines for Adaptation of Historic Buildings and Sites 
NSW Heritage Office, RAIA NSW Chapter, 2008

The guidelines provide
information about the legislative context in NSW (Australia) for the adaptation of heritage buildings, explain the policies
that guide adaptation projects and provide information about how statutory authorities assess such applications.  A checklist
for applicants and assessors is provided.

Click here to download [4.7
MB pdf]
 this document from the NSW Government’s Office of Environment and
Heritage website.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Susan Macdonald) 






SECTION 5: CASE
STUDIES OF TWENTIETH -CENTURY HERITAGE CONSERVATION PROJECTS

Twentieth-Century Heritage
Survey Stage 1: Post Second World War (1946-59)

 Overview History

S. Marsden, 2003-2004

This
document, prepared for the Department of Environment and Heritage (South Australia) provides an overview history of the events
and themes that characterize the physical, cultural and social development of the state of South Australia after World War
II and identifies heritage places within this context.

Click here to download [1.47 MB pdf] this document from the website of the Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan Burke)

Twentieth-Century
Heritage Survey Stage 2: Post Second World War (1928-45).
Volume
2

P. Bell, C. Cosgrove, S. Marsden
& J. McCarthy, Historical Research Pty Ltd., 2008

This report, submitted to the Department of Environment and Heritage (South Australia), provides
inventory sheets for key heritage places dating from1928-45.

Click here to download [10.2 MB pdf] this document from the website of the Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources.

 (From personal reference resources
of ISC20C member Sheridan Burke)

 

Repair Guidelines for Helsinki Olympic Village

Ritta Salastie, Maria Karisto, Hertta Ahvenainen and Niklas Lahteenmaki, City Planning Department of the City of Helsinki,
2014

Built between 1938-1952, the Olympic Village is one of the iconic housing
areas of Finnish Modernism and has also been recognized by DOCOMOMO as a significant example of modern architecture in Finland.
 

The publication
provides guidelines for the repair and restoration of the residential buildings and their courtyards in the Olympic Village,
which is an area preserved by a protective town plan.  The guidelines are meant to ensure that the values and cultural
significance of the area are preserved, and that the harmonious townscape is not destroyed.

Click here to download [106.9 MB pdf] this publication from the City of Helsinki website.

 (From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Riitta Salastie) 






SECTION 6: OTHER
USEFUL HERITAGE CONSERVATION RESOURCES

Conserving Twentieth-Century Built Heritage: A Bibliography

 S. Macdonald & G. Ostergren (eds.), Getty Conservation Institute, 2013

This bibliography includes texts of international, national, and regional significance. It is organized as a subject
bibliography and is structured so that users can easily expand upon it as needed to include specific local references or additional
subject categories (such as twentieth-century landscape architecture design). This bibliography is focused on English-language
literature pertaining to the conservation of twentieth-century buildings and structures, although some non-English-language
text that contain abstracts in English have been included.  This second edition of Conserving Twentieth-Century Built
Heritage contains over 330 new citations, nearly one quarter of which have been published in the two years since the first
edition was released.
 

Click here to download [1.1 MB pdf]
this Bibliography from the website of the Getty Conservation Institute.

(From
personal reference resources of ISC20C member Susan Macdonald)

Modern Heritage Properties on the World Heritage List

UNESCO World Heritage Centre, 2012

Provides an overview of modern world heritage properties on the World Heritage List as on July
2012.

Click here to download [16 KB pdf] the list from the
UNESCO World Heritage Centre website.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sandra Uskokovic)

Photographic Recording of Heritage Items Using
Film or Digital Capture

NSW
Heritage Office, 2001/revised 2004, 2006

A checklist for making an archival photographic record, revised in 2006 to include digital photography

Click here to download [174 KB pdf] this document from the NSW Government’s Office of Environment and Heritage website.

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sheridan
Burke)

Regional Meetings on Modern Heritage

UNESCO World Heritage Centre, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005

A brief overview of 5 regional meetings on modern heritage
organised by the UNESCO World Heritage Centre in collaboration with regional partner institutions between 2002-2005 respectively.

1st Regional Meeting on Modern Heritage, for Latin America, 11-13 December 2002

2nd Regional Meeting on Modern Heritage, for Asia and the Pacific, 24-27 February 2003

3rd Regional Meeting on Modern Heritage, for Sub-Saharan Africa, 4-7 March, 2004 

4th Regional Meeting on Modern Heritage: North America, 10-12.November 2004

 5th Regional Meeting on Modern Heritage: Mediterranean Basin, 29-31 March 2005

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Sandra
Uskokovic)

 

American institute of Architects on YouTube

American Institute of Architects on YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/user/AIANational

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Gunny Harboe) 

 

Art Institute of Chicago

Art Institute of Chicago

http://www.artic.edu 

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Gunny Harboe)  

 

Canadian Centre for Architecture

Canadian Centre for Architecture

http://www.cca.qc.ca/en 

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Gunny Harboe)   

 

Royal Institute
of British Architects on YouTube

Royal
Institute of Brtish Architects on YouTube

http://www.youtube.com/user/ribaarchitecture

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Gunny Harboe)    

 

The Cultural Landscape Foundation

The Cultural Landscape Foundation

http://tclf.org/pioneer/oral-history-project

(From personal reference resources of ISC20C member Kyle Normandin) 




REALLY USEFUL WEBSITES

Australia ICOMOS Publications: http://australia.icomos.org/publications/other-publications/

Docomomo: http://www.docomomo.com/history.php#

Historic England
Publications:
  https://www.historicengland.org.uk/images-books/publications

Heritage Division (former Heritage Office) of NSW Publications:  http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/Heritage/publications/index.htm

Historic Scotland Technical Conservation Publications: http://conservation.historic-scotland.gov.uk/home/publications.htm

UIA Twentieth Century
Architectural Heritage Repository:
http://www.archi.fr/UIA/